dde
4f6
1- vpkj] eqjCck ,oa tSyh  

xzkeh.k m|ksx

Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa dk ifjj{k.k

vpkj] eqjCck bR;kfn cukus dh fof/k;ka

 

vkpkj

vke dk vkpkj

 

uhacw dk vkpkj

 

vkaoys dk vkpkj-------bR;kfn

 

 

eqjOok

vkaoys dk eqjOok

 

lsc dk eqjOok------bR;kfn

 

 

LdoSk

&&&&&

 

 

pVuh

vkaoys dh pVuh-----bR;kfn

 

 

tSe ,oa tsyh

lsc dk tSe-------bR;kfn

 

 

Lkl

&&&&&

 

 

 

Qy ,oa lCth dk nSfud vkgkj esa egRo

ikSf"Vd ,oa Lokfn"V vkgkj dh n`f"V ls Qy] lfCt;ka rFkk buls lalkf/kr inkFkksZa dk lsou izR;sd ekuo ds nSfud thou esa vko;d gSA buls gesa kdZjk] izksVhu] olk [kfut rRo] foVkfeu vkfn ikSf"Vd rRo izkIr gksrs gSa rkfydk 1] 2A ;s lHkh rRo kjhj ds iks"k.k rFkk vuqj{k.k ds fy, vko;d gSaA Qy rFkk lfCt;ksa esa vf/kd jskk ik, tkus ds dkj.k ikpu fdz;k dks Bhd j[kus esa budk foks"k ;ksxnku gSA ,d vkSlr O;Ld dks LoLFk jgus ds fy, mlds izfrfnu Hkksatu esa de ls de 100 xzke Qy vkSj 250 xzke lOth dk gksuk t:jh gSA Qy lfCt;ksa esa ik, tkus okys eq[; rRoksa dk fooj.k fuEufyf[kr gS%

 

1-                izksVhu% ;g rRo kjhj esa ekl iasfk;ksa dks cukus ds fy, vko;d gSaA vr% kjhj dks LoLFk j[kus ds fy, izkVhu dk iz;kIr ek=k esa mi;ksx djuk pkfg,A kjhj ds Hkkj ds vuqlkj gesa 1 fd- xzk- Hkkj ds fglkc ls izfrfnu 1 xzke izksVhu dh vko;drk gksrh gSA ;g rRo gjk puk] eVj] lks;kchu] gjh lfCt;ka] dktw] cknke] v[kjksV vkSj ukfj;y bR;kfn Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa esa dqN ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA

 

2-                dkcksZgkbMsV % ;g kjhj dks kfDr iznku djus okyk izeq[k rRo gSA kdZjk gesa vf/kdkak Qyksa ls feyrh gS vkSj ;g MDlVkst Xywdkst+ ds :i esa ikbZ tkrh gSA kjhfjd ifjJe djus okyksa dks bldh nSfud vko;drk vf/kd gksrh gSA kjhj esa dkcksZgkbMsV dh deh ls vkarfjd vaxksa dk fodkl :d tkrk gS rFkk LokLF; fxjus yxrk gSA ;g rRo dsyk] dktw] vke] csy] [ktwj] lsc vkSj vkaoyk vkfn Qyksa rFkk vkyw] kDdjdan] eVj vkfn lfCt;ksa esa LVkpZ ds :i esa ik;k tkrk gSA

 

3-                jskk% ;g rRo ikpu fdz;k c<+krk gSA jsks ls jDr dk dksysLVksy cgqr de gks tkrk gS rFkk vkgkj esa bldk fujUrj lsou djuk pkfg,A eVj] esFkh] vkyw] cSaxu] pkSykbZ] ikyd] kDdjdan] iRRkkxksHkh] ewyh] kyxe] xktj vkfn lfCt;ka rFkk idk dsyk] idk vke] lsc] [kqekuh] vkM+w] xyxy rFkk ve:n bR;kfn blds vPNs L=ksr gSaA

 

4-                [kfut inkFkZ% kjhj dks LoLFk j[kus ds fy, [kfut yo.k ;k inkFkZ dh vko;drk iM+rh gSA Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa esa izeq[k rkSj ij dSfYk;e] QkLQksjl] ykSg rRo] vk;ksMhu] iksVkfk;e] eSXuhfk;e bR;kfn [kfut yo.k i;kZIr ek=k esa ik, tkrs gSA


Rkfydk 1 % lfCt;ksa esa ik, tkus okys eq[; ikSf"Vd rRo dh ek=k izfr 100 xzke [kkus okyk Hkkx esa

dz-la-

Qy dk

uke

izksVhu

xzk-

[kfut

yo.k

xzk-

js'kk

xzk-

dkcksZgkbMsV

kdZjk

xzk-

m"ek

fdyks

dSyksjh

dSfYk;e

fe-xzk-

QkLQksjl

fe-xzk-

ykSg rRo

fe- xzk-

dSjkVhu

ekbdzks xzk-

foVkfeu lh

fe-xzk-

1

lsc

0-2

0-3

1-0

13-4

59

10

14

1

0

1

2

[kqwekuh

1-0

0-7

1-1

11-6

53

20

25

2-2

2160

6

3

vkM+w

1-2

0-8

1-2

10-5

50

15

41

2-4

0

6

4

Iye

0-7

0-4

0-4

11-1

52

10

12

0-6

166

5

5

Ukkkikrh

0-6

0-3

1-0

11-9

52

8

15

0-5

28

0

6

vke

0-6

0-4

0-7

16-9

74

14

16

1-3

2743

16

7

uhacw

1-5

0-7

1-3

10-9

59

90

20

0-3

15

63

8

xyxy

1-0

0-3

1-7

11-1

57

70

10

0-3

0

39

9

ekYVk

0-7

0-4

0-6

7-8

36

30

20

1-0

0

54

10

ekSlEeh

0-8

0-7

0-5

9-3

43

40

30

0-7

0

50

11

larjk

0-7

0-3

0-3

10-9

48

26

20

0-3

1104

30

12

vkaoyk

0-5

0-5

3-4

13-7

58

50

20

1-2

9

600

13

ve:n

0-1

0-6

4-8

9-0

38

50

20

1-2

0

15

14

Ykhph

1-1

0-5

0-5

13-6

61

10

35

0-7

0

31

15

iihrk

0-6

0-5

0-8

7-2

32

17

13

0-5

666

57

16

vaxwj

0-5

0-6

2-9

16-5

71

20

30

0-5

0

1

17

cknke

20-8

2-9

1-7

10-5

655

230

490

5-1

0

0

18

v[kjksV

15-6

1-8

2-6

11

687

100

380

2-6

6

0

 

Rkfydk 2 % Qyksa esa ik, tkus okys eq[; ikSf"Vd rRo dh ek=k izfr 100 xzke [kkus okyk Hkkx esa

dz-la-

Qy dk

uke

izksVhu

xzk-

[kfut

yo.k

xzk-

js'kk

xzk-

dkcksZgkbMsV

kdZjk

xzk-

m"ek

fdyks

dSyksjh

dSfYk;e

fe-xzk-

QkLQksjl

fe-xzk-

ykSg rRo

fe- xzk-

dSjkVhu

ekbdzks xzk-

foVkfeu lh

fe-xzk-

1

pkSykbZ

4-0

2-7

1-0

6-1

45

397

83

25-5

5520

99

2

esFkh

4-4

1-5

1-1

6-0

49

395

51

16-5

2340

52

3

ikyd

2-0

1-7

0-6

2-9

26

73

21

10-9

5580

28

4

irkxksHkh

1-8

0-6

1-0

4-6

27

39

44

0-8

120

124

5

QwyxksHkh

2-6

1-0

1-2

4-0

30

33

57

1-5

30

56

6

eVj

7-2

0-8

4-0

15-9

93

20

139

1-5

83

9

7

VekVj

0-9

0-5

0-8

3-6

20

48

20

0-4

351

27

8

Xktj

0-9

1-1

1-2

10-6

48

80

530

2-2

1890

3

9

Vkyw

1-6

0-6

0-4

22-6

97

10

40

0-7

24

17

10

ewyh lQsn

0-7

0-6

0-8

3-4

17

35

22

0-4

3

15

11

ewyh fiad

0-6

0-9

0-6

6-8

32

50

20

0-5

3

17

12

kyxe

0-5

0-6

0-9

6-2

29

30

40

0-4

0

43

13

djsyk

1-6

0-8

0-8

4-2

25

20

70

1-8

126

88

14

?kh;k

0-2

0-5

0-6

2-5

12

20

10

0-7

0

0

15

Dn~nw

1-4

0-6

0-7

4-6

25

10

30

0-7

50

2

16

cSaxu

1-4

0-3

1-3

4-0

24

18

47

0-9

74

12

17

[khjk

0-4

0-3

0-4

2-5

13

10

25

1-5

0

7

18

fHk.Mh

1-9

0-7

1-2

6-4

35

66

56

1-5

52

13


dsfYk;e% dSfYk;e gfM~M;ksa dks etcwr cukus ds fy, cgqr vko;d gSA bldh deh ls gM~Mh rFkk nkar detksj gks tkrs gSSA ;g n; dh mfpr /kM+du esa vko;d gksrk gSA cPpksa esa lq[kk jksx bldh deh ls gks tkrk gSA cq<+kis esa tksM+ksa dk nnZ gksus yxrk gSA ;g rRo uhacw] xyxy] vkaoyk] cknke] v[kjksV] Qkylk] ukfj;y] [ktwj] csay] beyh] esFkh] ewyh ds irksa] pkSykbZ] xktj] ewyh] fHk.Mh] ikyd rFkk VekVj bR;kfn Qy@lfCt;ksa esa i;kZIr ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA

 

QkLQksjl% QkLQksjl vkSj dSfYk;e ,d nwljs ds iwjd gSaA ;g dSfYk;e ds lg;ksx ls gfM~M;ksa rFkk nkarksa dks etcwr djrk gSA ;g rRo [kqekuh] vkM+w] cknke] v[kjksV] ekSlEeh] jlHkjh] ukfj;y] vukj] dktw] dsyk] ve:n] LVkcsjh vkfn Qyksa rFkk VekVj] xktj] eVj] pkSykbZ] esFkh] ikyd] QwyxksHkh] lykn] [khjk] [kjcwtk] vkaoyk] gjh fepZ vkfn lfCt;ksa esa ik;k tkrk gSA

 

ykSg rRo% kjhj ds vanj vDlhtu lEokgu ds :I esa ykSg rRo dk cM+k egRo gSA bldh deh ls jDr dh deh gks tkrh gS rFkk kjhj dk jax ihyk iM+ tkrk gSaA yksgk fgeksXykfcu dk eq[; vax gSA lkal ysrs le; fgeksXykfcu bls kjhj ds t:jrean Hkkxksa rd igqapus esa enn djrk gSA dsyk] [ktwj] iihrk] vke] ve:n] LVkcsjh] djkSank vkfn Qy rFkk pkSykbZ] ikyd] esFkh] lykn] /kfu;ka dh ifr;ka] ewyh] irkxksHkh] dn~nw] VekVj bR;kfn blds L=ksr gSaA

 

iksVkfk;e% ;g gfM~M;ksa dks etcwr djrk gS rFkk ?kkoksa ds nnZ dks nwj djrk gSA bldh deh ls QsQM+ksa dh chekjh gks tkrh gSA ;g rRo vaxwj] ve:n] [kqekuh] dsyk] vkfn Qyksa esa izzpqj ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA ;g kjhj esa vEyrk rFkk {kkjh;rk dk larqyu cuk;s j[kus esa lgk;d gksrk gSA

 

5- foVkfeu % Qy lfCt;ksa esa foVkfeu Hkh iz;kZIr ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gS tks LokLF; dks cuk;s j[kus ds fy, vfr vko;d gSaA

foVkfeu , dSjksVhu % ;g foVkfeu vka[kksa dh T;ksfr ds fy, foks vko;d gSA bldh deh ls jrkSanh] vka[kksa dk jksx] okl rFkk ikpu iz.kkyh dh chekfj;ka] Ropk dk :[kkiu] QkSM+k] Qqalh vf/kd fudyuk] Ropk dk QV tkuk rFkk cPpksa esa c<+kSrjh :d tkuk bR;kfn jksx gks tkrs gSaSSA bldh deh ls fueksfu;k] bUQyw,Utk rFkk {k; tSls ladzked jksx gks tkrs gSaA foVkfeu , ij rki dk foks izHkko ugha iM+rk gS blfy, ;g Hkkstu idkus esa u"V ugha gksrk gSA vke] iihrk] [kqekuh] Iye] dVgy] djkSank] yksdkV] jlHkjh] larjk] vkfn Qy rFkk ikyd] pkSykbZ] esFkh] djsyk] xktj] vkyw] eVj] canxksHkh] VekVj] /kfu;ka dh ifr;ka bR;kfn lfCt;ka blds iz;kZIr L=ksr gSaSA xktj] vke] iihrk vkfn Qyksa esa dSjksVhu uked rRo gksrk gS tks kjhj esa foVkfeu , esa cny tkrk gSA

foVkfeu ch1 Fkk;ehu % bldh deh ls n; det+ksj gks tkrk gS rFkk csjhcsjh jksx gks tkrk gSA ;g ikpu fdz;k dks rst djrk gSA bldh deh ls Hkw[k de yxrh gS rFkk kjhj fucZy gks tkrk gSA lg vukj] csy] dSFkk] tkequ] vywpk] lhrkQy] irkxksHkh vkfn esa vf/kd ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA

foVkfeu ch2 jkbcksQysfou % kjhj dh o`f} ds fy, ;g foVkfeu vR;Ur vko;d gSA bldh deh ls kjhj esa vusd vlekurk,a tSls Hkkj de gksuk] xys esa [kjkk] pje jksx rFkk us= jksx ,oa vka[kksa dh ulsa mHkj vkrh gSaA kjhj dh LQwfrZ de gks tkrh gS rFkk tYnh cq<+kik vk tkrk gSA ;g dsyk] yhph] iihrk] vukukl] csy vkfn Qyksa esa rFkk gjh lCth esa vis{kkd`r vf/kd ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA

 

foVkfeu ch3 uk;lhu ;k fudksfVfud vEy % kjhj ds rkieku esa larqyu cuk, j[kus ds lkFklkFk jDr izokg cuk, j[kus ds fy, foVkfeu ch dh vko;drk gksrh gSA ;g Hkkstu dks tkZ esa cnyus esa vko;d gSA bldh deh ls iSysxzk uked jksx gks tkrk gSA elwM+ksa ij lwtu vkrh gS rFkk Hkw[k de gksus ls kjhj de gks tkrk gSA ;g vkM+w] LVkcsjh] psjh] dsyk] rFkk gjh lfCt;ksa esa ik;k tkrk gSA

 

foVkfeu ch6 ,LdksfcZd vEy % kjhj dks LoLFk j[kus ds fy, ;g foVkfeu cgqr vko;d gSA bl foVkfeu ls ?kko tYnh Hkj tkrs gSaa rFkk VwVh gqbZ gM~Mh kh?kz tqM+ tkrh gSA ;g [kwu dks lkQ j[krk gS rFkk kjhj esa LQwfrZ iSnk djrk gSA bldh iz;kZIr ek=k esa n; jksx] lnhZ] tq[kke] fueksfu;k] elwM+ksa rFkk nkarksa ds jksx ugh gksrsA gekjs kjhj esa foVkfeu lh ds tek Hk.Mkj ugha ik, tkrs gSa blfy, nSfud vkgkj esa bldk iz;ksx djuk vko;d gSA vkaoyk] ve:n] iihrk] LVkcsjh] uhacw] larjk vkSj vukukl bR;kfn Qy rFkk irkxksHkh] VekVj] QwyxksHkh] djsyk] xktj] gjh fepZ rFkk iRrsnkj lfCt;ka foVkfeu lh ds i;kZIr L=ksr gSaaA bldh deh ls elqM+sa detksj gks tkrs gSA rFkk nkar fxjus yxrs gSA LdchZ dh chekjh] xys esa lwtu] okrjksx] ?kqVuksa ds jksx vkfn gks tkrs gSaA

fofHkUu [kfut yo.k vkSj foVkfeu dh izfrfnu izfr O;fDr vko;drk rkfydk3 esa nh xbZ gSA

 

 

 


Rkfydk 3 % izfrfnu@izfr O;kfDr [kfut inkFkZ vkSj foVkfeu dh vko;drk

Js.kh

dSfYk;e

fe-xzk-

ykSg rRo

fe- xzk-

foVkfeu , ekbdzks xzk-

jsVhuk dSjsVh

foVkfeu ch fe- xzk-

Fkk;kehu jkbcks Qysfo uk;lhu ik;jhMfDlu

foVkfeu lh

fe-xzk-

1- cPps

13 oZ

46 oZ

79 oZ

 

400

400

400

 

12

18

26

 

400

600

600

 

1600

1600

2400

 

0-6

0-9

1-0

 

0-7

1-0

1-2

 

8

11

13

 

0-9

0-9

1-6

 

40

40

40

 

2- yM+dk

1012 oZ

 

600

 

39

 

600

 

2400

 

1-1

 

1-3

 

15

 

1-6

 

40

3- yM+dh

1012 oZ

 

600

 

19

 

600

 

2400

 

1-0

 

1-2

 

13

 

1-6

 

40

4- yM+dk

1315 oZ

 

600

 

41

 

600

 

2400

 

1-2

 

1-5

 

16

 

2-0

 

40

5- yM+dh

1315 oZ

 

600

 

28

 

600

 

2400

 

1-0

 

1-2

 

14

 

2-0

 

40

6- yM+dk

1618 oZ

 

500

 

50

 

600

 

2400

 

1-3

 

1-6

 

17

 

2-0

 

40

7- yM+dh

1618 oZ

 

500

 

30

 

600

 

2400

 

1-0

 

1-2

 

14

 

2-0

 

40

8- O;Ld

iq:

efgyk

 

400

400

 

28

30

 

600

600

 

2400

2400

 

1-4

1-1

 

1-6

1-3

 

18

14

 

2-0

2-0

 

40

40

 


Qy ,oa lCth ifjj{k.k dh vko;drk ,oa fof/k;ka

 

d Qy ,oa lCth ifjj{k.k dh vko;drk

 

ekSle esa Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa dk mRiknu vf/kd ek=k esa gksus ds dkj.k mRikndksa dks budh vPNh dher ughaa fey ikrh gSA Qy vkSj lfCt;ksa dks isM+ ls rksM+us ds ckn vf/kd le; rd ugha j[kk tk ldrk D;ksafd buesa /khjs/khjs jkll;fud ifjorZu gksus yxrs gSa vkSj ;s xyuslM+us yxrs gSaA mRikndksa dks ;g leL;k jgrh gS fd bUgsa vf/kd le; rd dSls lqjf{kr j[kk tk lds rkfd csekSle csp dj vPNk ewY; izkIr fd;k tk ldsA nsk esa khr Hk.Mkj.k Hkh burh la[;k esa miyC/k ugha gSa fd mRiknd ;k fodzsrk Qy lfCt;ka dqN le; rd Hk.Mkfjr dj lds rkfd budh xq.kork cuh jgs vkSj ckn esa vPNh dher fey ldsA izk;% ;g Hkh ns[kk x;k gS fd iznsk ds fdlkuksa o ckxokuksa es ikl vPNh Qly fcd tkus ds mijkUr vkdkj esa NksVs] fod`r o nkxh Qy o lfCt;ka ct tkrs gSa ftudk cktkj esa mi;qDr ewY; ugha feyrk gSA iksd rRoksa dh n`f"V ls ;s Qy o lfCt;ka fdlh Hkh izdkj ls vPNs Qyksa dk ?kjsyw Lrj ;k O;kolkf;d Lrj ij ifjj{k.k dj fd;k tk ldrk gSA oSls rks cM+s dkj[kkuksa esa vktdy Qy inkFkksaZ dk mRiknu dkQh ek=k esa gks jgk gSA ysfdu ;s brus eagxs feyrs gsSa fd e/; ,oa de vkenuh okys ifjokjksa esa ifjjf{akr Qy & lfCt;ksa dk mi;ksx dj ikuk dfBu gks tkrk gSaA bl n`f"Vdks.k ls ;fn Qy lfCt;ksa ls fofHkUu mRikn cukus dh oSKkfud fof/k;ks dks tkudj bUgsa ?kj ij cuk;k tk,A

 

?kjksa esa x`gf.k;ka vpkj] eqjCck] kjcr vkfn cuk ysrh gSaSS ysfdu vlko/kkuh vkSj vKkurk ds dkj.k buesa dqN gh fnuksa esa [kjkch mRiUu gks tkrh gSA ;fn bUgsa lko/kkuh ls oSKkfud <ax ls cuk;k tk, rks bu inkFkksaZ dks vf/kd fnuksa rd lqjf{kr j[kk tk ldrk gSA fdlku HkkbZ vkSj cgussa Qy lCth mRikn cukus dh fof/k;ka lh[k dj buls fofHkUu izdkj ds Lokfn"V ,oa ikSf"Vd mRikn rkfydk 4 de ykxr ij rS;kj dj lky Hkj vkgkj esa mi;ksx d ldrs gSaA blds lkFk gh O;kikfjd Lrj ij mRikn mRiknu dj vkfFkZd ykHk Hkh dek ldrs gSaA

 

 

rkfydk 4 % fofHkUu Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa ls cuk, tkus okys eq[; inkFkZA

 

Qy @ lCth

cuk, tkus okys inkFkZ

Qy

 

Lksc

jl] xqnk] tSe] tSyh] eqjCck] pVuh] VQh] lkbMj

[kqekuh

tSe] pVuh] lq[kkuk] fMCckcanh

Iye

tSe] pVuh] lq[kkuk] fMCckcanh] elkysnkj LDoSk] VQh

vkM+w

tSe] pVuh] vpkj] fMCckcanh

uk'kikrh

tSe] pVuh] eqjCck] fMCckcanh

vke

tSe] pVuh] fMCckcanh] tSyh] LDoSk] VQh] jl] usDVj] kcZr] vkpkj] vepwj

ve:n

tSyh] usDVj] VQh

vkaoyk

eqjCck] dS.Mh] kcZr] vkpkj] pVuh] f=Qyk] P;ouizkk] pw.kZ

vukj

jl] LDoSk] is; inkFkZ lq[kkuk

vaxwj

jl] tSyh] okbZu] lq[kkuk

iihrk

tSe] pVuh] usDVj] eqjCck] dS.Mh

yhph

jl] LDoSk] lq[kkuk] fMCckcanh

LVkcsjh

jl] LDoSk] tSe

uhacw oxhZ; Qy

jl] LDoSk] kcZr] vkpkj] dS.Mh] dkfMZ;y] dzk] ekeZysM

 

 

lCth

 

VekVj

jl] tSe] pVuh] fMCckcanh] I;wjh] isLV] dSpi] ll

vkyw

vpkj] fpIl] ikiM+] LVkpZ] fMCckcanh

eVj

vpkj] fMCckcanh] lq[kkuk

ikyd

fMCckcanh] lq[kkuk

QwyxksHkh

vpkj] fMCckcanh] lq[kkuk

irkxksHkh

vpkj] lq[kkuk

xktj

tSe] eqjCck] fMCckcanh] vkpkj] dS.Mh]

ewyh

vpkj] lq[kkuk

kyxe

vpkj] fMCckcanh] lq[kkuk

[khjk

vpkj

isBk

eqjCck] dS.Mh] lq[kkuk

djsyk

vpkj] lq[kkuk

I;kt

vpkj] lq[kkuk

yglqu

eqjCck] dS.Mh] vpkj] isLV

e'k:e

vpkj] fMCckcanh] lq[kkuk

 

 

 

 

 

[k Qy ,oa lCth ifjj{k.k dh fof/k;ka

Qy lfCt;ksa dks csekSle bLrseky djus ds fy, ifjj{k.k dh fuEufyf[kr fof/k;ka iz;ksx esa ykbZ tkrh gSaA

 

1 Qy lfCt;ksa dks rksM+us rFkk ifjogu vkfn esa lko/kkuh % rksM+rs le; bl ckr dk /;ku j[kuk pkfg, fd bu ij [kjksap ;k pksV u yxsA bl tgka rd gks lds bUgsa lqog ;k kke ds le; rksM+uk pkfg,A rksM+us ds ckn Qy lfCt;ksa dks Vksdfj;ksa vFkok cDlksa esa bl rjg can djuk pkfg, fd os fpid vFkok nc u tk;saA nkxh Qy] lfCt;kas dks LoLFk Qyksa ds lkFk ugha j[kuk pkfg,A

 

2 de rkieku % jsfQztjsVj esa Qy rFkk lfCt;ksa dks dqN fnuksa rd lqjf{kr voLFkk esa j[kk tk ldrk gSA rkieku de gksus ij thok.kq fufdz"; gks tkrs gSaA rkieku dh vko;drk izR;sd Qy ;k lCth ds fy, fHkUufHkUu gksrh gSA

 

3 gYds dhVk.kqukkd jlk;uksa dk iz;ksx % ued] fljdk] elkys] kDdj] lkfM;e cSUtq,V] iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbV vkfn dk de ek=k esa iz;ksx djds [kk| inkFkksZa dks lqjf{kr j[kk tk ldrk gSA

 

4 ueh rFkk gok ls nwj j[kuk % ueh vkSj gok esa thok.kq rFkk jklk;fud ifjorZu rsth ls c<+us yxrs gSaA vr% QylfCt;ksa dks kq"d okrkoj.k esa j[kus ls mlds fVdkiu dks c<+k;k tk ldrk gSA

 

5 ikLrqjhdj.k % bl fof/k esa rki }kjk [kk| inkFkksaZ ds vf/kdkak ysfdu lHkh ughaa thok.kqvksa dks u"V dj fn;k tkrk gSA rjy inkFkksaZ dk ifjj{k.k bl fof/k }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA [kV~Vkl jfgr Qyksa dks vLFkkbZ rkSj ij rFkk [kV~Vkl;qDr Qyksa ds jl dks LFkkbZ rkSj ifjj{k.k ds fy, bl fof/k dk iz;ksx djrs gSaA

 

6 lalk/ku izkslSflax % leLr thok.kqvksa dks u"V djus dh fdz;k dk futZehZdj.k LVjykbtsku dgrs gSaA blds fy, [kk| inkFkksZa dks cgqqr vf/kd xeZ djuk iM+rk gS ftlls muds foVkfeu] jax] Lokn] vkdkj u"V gks tkrs gSaaA blfy, [kk| inkFkksZa dks lalk/ku izkslSflax fof/k }kjk ifjjf{kr fd;k tkrk gSA bl fof/k esa [kk| inkFkksaZ dks bruk gh xeZ djrs gSa ftlls buesa mifLFkr thok.kq fuf"dz; gks tk,aA fMCckcan Qy lfCT;ksa dks bl fl)kar }kjk ifjjf{kr fd;k tkrk gSA

 

7 phuh }kjk % ;fn fdlh inkFkZ esa phuh dh ek=k 66 izfrkr ls vf/kd gks rks og inkFkZ LFkkbZ :i ls lqjf{kr gks tkrk gSA phuh ds xk<+s ?kksy esa thok.kq ijklj.k dh fdz;k ls fuf"dz; ;k u"V gks tkrs gSaaA Qy lCth inkFkZ tSls tSe] tSyh] eqjCck] dSaMh] flji vkfn blh fl)kUr ds vk/kkj ij lqjf{kr jgrs gSaA

8 ued }kjk % ued dh 15 izfrkr ;k blls vf/kd ek=k }kjk QylfCt;ksa dk LFkkbZ ifjj{k.k gks tkrk gSA ued Qy lfCt;kas dh ueh lks[k ysrk gS rFkk ueh ds vHkko ls l{e tho o`f_ ugha dj ikrsA ued vkWDlhtu dh ?kqyukhyrk dks Hkh de dj nsrk gS ftlls lw{ethoksa dh o`f) :d tkrh gSA vkpkj vkSj ued ds ?kksy esa Qy lCth ifjj{k.k blh fl)kUr }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA

 

9 ,flfVd vEy }kjk % [kk| inkFkksaZ dks ,flfVd vEy }kjk ifjjf{kr djus fd fy, 2 izfrkr dh ek=k dk gksuk vko;d gSA fljds esa ,flfVd vEy dh ek=k yxHkx 4 & 5 izfrkr gksrh gSA dbZ izdkj ds vpkjksa dks bl fof/k }kjk ifjjf{kr fd;k tkrk gS tSls I;kt dk vkpkj] vnjd dk vkpkj bR;kfnA

 

10 ifjj{kh jlk;uksa }kjk % [kk| inkFkksaZ esa fofHkUu [kjkfc;ka mRiUu djus okyh fdz;kvksa tSls fd.ou [kehu mBkuk] [kV~Vkl mRiUu gksuk bR;kfn dks ifjj{kh jlk;uksa ds iz;ksx ls jksdk o de fd;k tkrk gSA Hkkjrh; Qy inkFkZ vknsk ,Q- ih- vks- ds vuqlkj dsoy nks jlk;u] ifjj{kh inkFkZ ds :I esa ekU; gSa d iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbV [k lksfM;e cSatks,VA

d iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbV % ;g jlk;u QQwanh o thok.kqvksa dks fuf"dz; djus ds fy, vf/kd fdz;kkhy gSA bl jlk;u dks tc ikuh esa ?kksyrs gSa rks lYQj Mk;vkWDlkbM xSl fudyrh gS tks thok.kqvksa ij vf/kd izHkko Mkyrh gSA fofHkUu Qy lCth inkFkZ tSls jl] xqnk] lDoSk] dkWfM;y vkSj lq[kkuk izfd;k bR;kfn esa bl jlk;u dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA ftu Qy lfCt;ksa ds jax Qkylk] tkequ] jaxhu] vaxwj] Iye] vukj] LVkcsjh] kgrwr] VekVj vkfn ikuh esa ?kqyukhy gksrs gSa muds ifjj{k.k esa iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbV dk iz;ksx ugha fd;k tkrk D;ksafd lYQj MkW;vkWDlkbM xSl ls budk jax mM+ tkrk gSA ?kqyukhy jaxksa dks ,UFkkslkbfuu dgrs gSa vkSj ,UFkkslkbfuu ;qDr jlksa dks lksfM;e cSatks,V jlk;u }kjk ifjjf{kr fd;k tkrk gSA

[k lksfM;e cSatks,V % ;g jlk;u QQwanh rFkk [kehj ;hLV ds fy, vf/kd fdz;kkhy gSA bl jlk;u dks ikuh esa ?kksyus ij cSUtks,d vEy curk gS ftlls Qy lCth inkFkZ lqjf{kr jgrs gSaA lksfM;e cSatks,V vf/kd [kV~Vkl ;qDr ek/;e esa T;knk fdz;kkhy gksrk gSA bldk iz;ksx eq[;rkSj ij I;wjh] isLV] vkpkj] pVuh] lkWl] dSpi bR;kfn Qy lCth inkFkksaZ esa fd;k tkrk gSA

 

11 fd.ohdj.k [kehj mBkuk % fd.ohdj.k ml fof/k dks dgrs gSaa ftlesa ;hLV] thok.kqvksa rFkk ,atkbeksa dh fdz;k ls Qy & lCth esa fo|keku kdZjk] ,Ydksgy bFksuksy] ,flfVd vEy rFkk ySfDVd vEy esa ifjofrZr gksrh gSA bl fdz;k ls mRiUu jlk;fud inkFkksZa ls [kk| inkFkksZa dk ifjj{k.k gks tkrk gSA fd.ohdj.k rhu izdkj dk gksrk gS %

d ,Ydksgyh; fd.ohdj.k % bl fof/k ls [kehj ;hLV dh dkcksZgkbMsV ij fdz;k ls ,Ydksgy rFkk dkcZuMk;vkWDlkbM curh gSA ,Ydksgy dh vf/kd ek=k esa thok.kqvksa dh o`f) :d tkrh gSA okbZu blh fl)kUr ij lqjf{kr jgrs gSaA

[k ,flfVd vEy % ,flfVd vEy thok.kqvksa dh fdz;k }kjk ,Ydksgy ls ,flfVd vEy rS;kj fd;k tkrk gSA Qyksa ds jl ls fljdk blh fof/k }kjk cuk;k tkrk gSA bldk iz;ksx dSpvi] vpkj] pVuh cukus esa fd;k tkrk gSA

x ySfDVd vEy % bl fdz;k ls lCth esa fo|eku kdZjk ySfDVd ,flM thok.kqvksa dh lgk;rk ls ySfDVd vEy esa cny tkrh gSA fofHkUu lfCt;ksa ds vpkj tSls iRrkxksHkh dk vpkj lkWjdkzWV] [khjk] ewyh] tSrwu dk vpkj bl fof/k ls cuk;k tkrk gSA

 

12 futZyhdj.k lq[kkuk % Qyksa ,oa lfCt;ksa dks lq[kkuk lEHkor% ifjj{k.k dh lcls izkphu o vklku rduhd gSA bl rduhd }kjk mRikn esa miyC/k ikuh dh ek=k dks bruk de dj fn;k tkrk gS rkfd blesa inkFkZ dks [kjkc djus okys thok.kq u mx ik,aA vr% lq[kk, gq, inkFkZ dks dkQh le; rd lqjf{kr j[kk tk ldrk gSA gekjs nsk esa bl fof/k }kjk O;kolkf;d Lrj ij lw[ks esos tSls fdkfek] nk[k] lw[kh [kqekuh bR;kfn rS;kj fd;s tkrs gSaA blds vfrfjDr Qy ,oa lfCt;ka tSls lsc] [kqekuh] pwyh] iRrkxksHkh] esFkh] xktj] vkfn dks ?kjsyw Lrj ij [kqyh /kwi esa yxHkx gj ?kj esa lq[kk;k tkrk gSA Qy lfCt;ksa dks lq[kkus ds fy, lq[kkod ;a=ksa tSls lkSj tkZ midj.k vkSj ;kaf=d futZyhdj.k l;a= esdSfudy fMgkbZMsVj dk iz;ksx Hkh fd;k tkrk gSA ikz;% ns[kk x;k gS fd lq[kkod l;a= esa lq[kk, x, Qy lCth dh xq.kork [kqyh /kwi esa lq[kk, inkFkksZa ls vPNh gksrh gSA

 

x Qy ,oa lCth ifjj{k.k ds fy, dqN egRoiq.kZ funsZk

       inkFkZ cukus ds fy, geskk rktsa+ LoLFk Qy ,oa lfCt;ksa dk iz;ksx djsa] cgqr fnuksa ls j[ks gq, Qy lfCt;ksa dks iz;ksx esa u yk,a D;ksafd buesa thok.kqvksa dh la[;k vf/kd gks tkrh gSA ;fn Qy lfCt;ka B.Ms LFkku ij (refrigerator) Hk.Mkkfjr dh gksa rc iz;ksx esa tk ldrs gSaA

       ifjj{k.k djus ds fy, LVsuySl LVhy] ,Ylwehfu;e] dkap ,oa feVVh ds crZuksa dk iz;ksx djsaA yksgs] rkacs rJk ihry ds crZuksa dk iz;ksx u djsaaAa

       Qy inkFkZ iSd dus ds fy, khks ds tkjksa vkSj cksryksa dks futZehZd`r bUgsa 20&25 feUV rd mcyrs gq, ikuh esa j[kssa rkfd ;g dhVk.kq jfgr gks tk, dj ysa vkSj vpNh rjg [kkus ds ckn iz;ksx djsaA

       Tkkjksa ds <Ddu geskk lhycan gksus pkfg, D;ksafd gok o ueh ds lEidZ esa vkus ls inkFkZ [kjkc gks tkrs gSaA

       Ikfjj{kh inkFkZ tSls iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV vkSj lksfM;e cSatks,V dks [kk+| inkFkksZa esa fu/kkZfjr ek=k esa gh feyk,a vkSj feykus ds fy, igys FkksM+s ls inkFkZ esa ;k ikuh esa vPNh rjg ?kksysa fQj iwjs inkFkZ es feyk,aA

       ifjj{kh inkFkZ iksVsfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV cSatks,V fdlh jlk;uksa ds vf/kd`r fodzsrk ls [kjhnsaA ;fn ;s miyC/k u gksa rks ?kj esa mi;ksx ds fy, cuk;s tkus okys inkFkksZs dk buds fcuk Hkh vYi le; ds fy, ifjj{k.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA

       Qy lCth inkFkksaZ dks [kjkc gksus ls cpkus ds fy, ifjj{kh inkFkZ tSls ued] rsy] fljdk] ,flfVd vEy] rFkk ehBs vpkj esa phuh dh ek=k geskk crkbZ xbZ ek=k ds vuqlkj gh MkysaA

       VekVj ds inkFkZ cukus ds fy, geskk xgjs yky jaax ds Qyksa dk mi;ksx djs vkSj [kk| jaxksa dk iz;ksx u djsaA bu inkFkksaZ esa ykSax dk iz;ksx fcuk Qwy ds djuk pkfg,A

       Qy inkFkksZa dks B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

 

fofHkUu Qy lfCt;ksa ls cuk, tkus okys eq[; inkFkZZ

d lsc ls cuk;s tkus okys inkFkZ

lsc esa foVkfeu ,] foVkfeu ch] foVkfeu lh] vkSj [kfut yo.k tSls yksg rRo rFkk dSfYk;e izpqj ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA bu Qyksa ls ?kjsyw Lrj ij fofHkUu ikSf"Vd inkFkZ cuk, tk ldrs gSa tSls jl] xqnk] tSe] tSyh] pVuh] eqjCck] VkWQh RkFkk lq[kk, gq, inkFkZA

1-                lsc dk jl % lsc dk jl xfeZ;ksa esa ihus ls B.Md iznku djrk gSA lsc ds jl dks ?kj esa Hkh rS;kj fd;k tk ldrk gSA lsc dk jl cukus ds fy, ifjiDo Qy NkWaVsa] /kks,a] fNydk vkSj cht okyk Hkkx fudkysa vkSj dn~nwdl dj ysaA eyey ds diM+s esa dn~nwdl fd, gq, Qyksa dh iksVyh cuk ysa vkSj gkFk ls nck dj ;k Hkkj nsdj jl fudkysaA jl dks ?kj esa mi;ksx vkus okys twlj ls Hkh fudkyk tk ldrk gSA jl dks eyey ds diM+s ls Nku ysa vkSj mcky vkus rd xeZ djsaA xeZ jl dks igys ls /kqyh gqbZ vkSj futZehZd`r khks dh cksryksa esa ij rd Hkjsa] <Ddu yxk,a vkSj mcyrs gq, ikuh esa yxHkx 20&25 feuV rd j[ksaA ikuh ls cksryksa dks ydM+h ds QkZ ij j[k dj B.Mk gksus nsa vkSj B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

2-                lsc dk xqnk % +ids gq, Qy ysdj] /kks,] fNydk vkSj cht okyk Hkkx vyx dj VqdM+s djsa ;k dn~nwdl dj ysaA dn~nwdl ;k VqdM+s fd, gq, lscksa esa ,d pkSFkkbZ ikuh feyk,a 250 fe- yh- ikuh izfr fd-xzk- lsc vkSj ueZ gksus rd idk,aA LVsuySl LVhy dh Nyuh ij jxM+ dj xqnk rS;kj djsaA xqns esa 2 xkze izfr fdykxzke dh nj ls iksVsfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV jlk;u feyk,aa vkSj lkQ lqFkjs /kqys vkSj lw[ks gq, tkjksa esa Hkjdj Hk.Mkfjr djsaA rS;kj xqns dks tSe ;k pVuh bR;kfn inkFkZ cukus ds mi;ksx esa yk;k tk ldrk gSA

3-                lsc dk tSe % lsc ds Qy ls vPNh xq.kork okyk tSe rS;kj fd;k tkrk gSA tSe cukus ds fy, dqN ehBh vkSj dqN [kV~Vh fdLeksa ds lsc ysa] /kks,a vkSj xqnk igys crkbZ xbZ fof/k }kjk rS;kj dj ysaA

lkexzh %

lsc dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 1 fdyksxzke

lkbZfVd ,flV 5 &7 xzke ,d pk; okyk pEep

fof/k %

phuh vkSj xqnk ,d crZu esa feyk,a vkSj yxkrkj fgykrs gq, vkap ij xkM+k gksus rd idk,aA tSe rS;kj gksus ls dqN nsj igys lkbZfVd ,flM Hkh feyk nsaA ;g ns[kus ds fy, fd tSe rS;kj gS fd ugha] ,d khks ds fxkyl esa ikuh ysaA idrs gq, tSe eas ls ,d pEeo esa FkksM+k lk tSe ysa] B.Mk djsa vkSj /khjs &/khjs fxykl esa MkysaA ;fn tSe fxykl dh Lkrg ij fcuk fo[kjs cSB tk, rc bls vkSj idk,aA ,d fd- xzke xqnk vkSj ,d fd- xzk- phuh ds iz;ksx ls yxHkx 1-5 fd-xzk- tSe rS;kj gksrk gSA rS;kj tSe dks xeZ&xeZ /kqys vkSj lq[kk, gq, tkjksa esa Hkj nsaA B.Mk gksus nsa vkSj ij ls fi?kys gq, ekse dh ijr Mky nsaA <Ddu yxk,a rFkk B.Ms ,oa kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

4-                lsc dk eqjCck %

lkexzh %

lsc dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 1 fdyksxzke

lkbZfVd ,flV 3 & 4 xzke

fof/k %

lsc dk eqjCck cukus ds fy, bldh [kV~Vh fdLeksa dk iz;ksx djsaA Qyksa dks ikuh esa /kksus ds ckn Nhysa vkSj LVSuySl LVhy ds dkaVs ls vPNh rjg xksn ysaA ;fn iwjs lsc dk eqjCck rS;kj djuk gS rks ,d vkdkj ds NksVsNksVs lsc NkaVsa vkSj ;fn lssc cM+s vkdkj ds gksa rks ,d leku cM+scM+s VqdM+ksa esa dkV ysaA ehBh fdLe ds lsc dks 23 izfrkr ued ds ?kksy 20&30 xzke ued izfr yhVj ikuh esa [kV~Vh fdLe dks ikuh esa j[krs tk,a rkfd Qyksa esa Hkwjkiu u vk;sA rS;kj Qyksa dks 2 izfrkr pwus ds ikuh 20 xzke dSfYk;e gkbZMksDlkBM izfr yhVj ikuh esa 12 ?k.Vs rd j[ksaA Qyksa dks vPNh rjg /kks,a vkSj eyey ds diM+s esa cka/k dj mcyrs gq, 2&3 izfrkr fQVdjh 20&30 xzke fQVdjh izfr yhVj ikuh ds ?kksy esa uje gksus rd mckysaA ikuh essa 0-2 izfrkr lksfM;e ckbZlYQkbV MkysaA blls Qyksa dk jax vPNk jgrk gSA mckyus ds ckn Qyksa dks B.Ms ikuh esa Mkys kSj ikuh fuFkkj ysaA mipkfjr Qyksa dks LVsuySl LVhy ds crZu es phuh dh ijrksa ds chp j[ksaA bl voLFkk esa lscksa dks 24 ?k.Vs rd j[ksA bl vof/k es phuh ikuh dks lks[k ysrh gS ftlls pkuh cu tkrh gSA Qyksa dks pkuh ls vyx djsa vkSj pkuh ls lkbZfVd vEy feykdj feJ.k dks FkksM+h nsj mckys vkSjs xk<+k djsaA blls pkuh esa dqy ?kqyukhy rRo dh ek=k 59&60      0 fczDl ,d rkj ls T;knk gks tkrh gSA bl feJ.k dks fcuk fgyk, vxys 24 ?k.Vs rd j[ksaA rhljs fnu pkuh dks moky dj 2 rkj dh 70      0 fczDl cuk ysaA bl inkFkZ dks ,d lIrkg rd jgus nsa vkSj bl rjg eqjCck rS;kj gks tkrk gSA fQj rS;kj eqjCcs dks khks ds tkjksa esa Hkjdj B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

5-                lsc dh pVuh % lsc dh pVuh cukus ds fy, ids gq, [kV~Vh fdLeksa ds Qyksa dk mi;ksx djsaA lsc dk xqnk cukus ds fy, Qyksas dks /kks,a] Nhysa fQj VqdM+s dkV dj ;k dn~nwdl djsaA pVuh Hkh tSe tSlk gh inkFkZ gS ysfdu blesa ued o elkyksa dk mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA

lkexzkh %

lsc dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 500 xzke

cM+h byk;ph 15 xzke

thjk 10 xzke

dkyh fepZ 10 xzke

yky fepZ 5 xzke Loknkuqlkj

ued 30 xzke

vnjd dn~nwdl ;k 75 xzke

ckjhd dVk

,flfVd ,flM 5 fe-yh- ,d NksVk pEep

;k

fljdk 50&70 fe-yh-

lkbZfVd ,flM 4 xzke

lkfM;e cSUtq,V 1 xzke

fof/k %

dn~nwdl lsc ;k lsc ds xqns esa vnjd feykdj FkksM+h nsj idk,a vkSj phuh feyk nsaA bl feJ.k dks 20&25 feuV rd tSe dh rjg xk<+k gksus rd idk,aA rS;kj gksus ls FkksM+k igys lHkh fils gq, elkys] fepZ vkSj ued bR;kfn feykdj ikap ls lkr feuV rd idk,aA vc ,flfVd ,flM vkSj lksfM;e cSUtq,V Hkh vPNh rjg feyk nsaA xeZxeZ pVuh dks igys ls /kqyh vkSj lq[kkbZ khks ds tkjksa esa Hkj nsaA B.Mk gksus ij fi?kyh gqbZ ekse dh ,d ijr pVuh ds ij yxk nsaA tc ekse B.Mk gks tk,] <Ddu yxk nsaA tkjksa dks B.Ms o ueh jfgr LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

6- VkWQh %

lkexzh %

Qy dk xqnk lsc 500 xkze $

[kqekuh 250 xzke $ Iye dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

 

phuh 800 xzke

?kh 100 xzke

nw/k dk ikMj 160 xzke

Xywdkst+ 80 xzke

lkbZfVd ,flM 2&3 xzke

 

fof/k %

Qyksa ds xqns esa phuh feykdj vkap ij j[ksa vkSj FkksM+h nsj idkus ds ckn Xywdkst+ Mky nsaA tc ek=k ,d frgkbZ gks tk, rc ?kh vkSj nw/k ds ikMj dk isLV FkksM+s ls xquxqus ikuh es ?kksydj Mky nsaA yxkrkj fgykrs jgsa vkSj tSe ls T;knk xk<+k gksus rd idk,a ;k igpku ds fy, FkksM+k lk feJ.k ikuh esa Mkysa ;fn ;g te tk;s rks VkWQh rS;kj le>ksaA xeZxeZ feJ.k dks igys ls ?kh yxh Vs esa myV nsa vkSj yxHkx ,d lSa-eh- eksVh rg fcNk nsaA dejs ds rkieku ij 3&4 ?k.Vs VkWQh dh rg dks lq[kkdj pkdw ls lqfo/kktud VqdM+ksa esa dkV nsaA cVj isij esa yisV dj tkjksa esa Hkjsa vkSj B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

 

[k xqByhnkj Qyksa ls cuk;s tkus okys inkFkZ

vkMw+] Iye] [kqekuh] vkSj pSjh bR;kfn izeq[k xqByhnkj Qy gSa ftudk mRiknu fgekpy iznsk es izpqj ek=k esa gksrk gSA bu Qyksa esa dkcksZgkbbsVl] [kfut yo.k rFkk foVkfeu izpqqj ek=k esa ik, tkrs gSaA xqByhnkj Qyksa ls fofHkUu izdkj ds Qy inkFkZ tSls vpkj] pVuh] LDoSk] usDVj] rqjUr ih;s tkus okys is; inkFkZ rFkk kq"d inkFkZ bR;kfn ?kjsyw Lrj ij cuk, tk ldrs gSa ftuds mi;ksx ls vkgkj esa ikSf"Vdrk ,oa fofo/krk ykbZ tk ldrh gSA

1-                xqByhnkj Qyksa dk xqnk % vkMw+] Iye] [kqekuh o pwyh taxyh [kqekuh dk xqnk fudkyus ds fy, ids gq, Qy NkaVs] /kks,a] FkksM+k lk ikuh feykd yxHkx 100 fe-yh- izfr fdykxzke Qy xyus @ uje gksus rd idk,aA xqns dks LVsuySl LVhy dh Nuuh ;k lwi LVsuj ls Nku ysaA rS;kj xqns esa 0-2 izfrkr iksVsfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV 2 xzke izfr fdyksxzke xqnk feyk,a vkSj /kqyh rFkk vkSj lq[kkbZ xbZ dkWap dh cksryksa ds Hk.Mkfjr djsaA bl xqns dk iz;ksx csekSle esa tSe] pVuh] usDVj] LDoSk rFkk vU; is; inkFkZ cukus esa fd;k tk ldrk gSA

2-                xqByhnkj Qyksa dk tSe % xqByhnkj Qyksa dk tSe cukus ds fy, dqN Hkkx lsc dk xqnk Hkh iz;ksx esa ykus ls vPNh xq.kork okyk tSe rS;kj fd;k tk ldrk gSA ,d ls vf/kd Qyksa ds xqns dks feykdj rS;kj tSe dks fefJr Qy tSe dgrs gSaA

lkexzh %

xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 1 fdyksxzke

fof/k %

xqnk rFkk phuh dks feykdj lsc ds tSe ds fy, crkbZ xbZ fof/k }kjk tSe rS;kj o Hk.Mkfjr djsaA vPNk inkFkZ cukus ds fy, bu Qyksa ds xqns esa dqN ek=k esa lsc dk xqnk Hkh feyk;k tk ldrk gSA

3- xqByhnkj Qyksa dh pVuh

lkexzh %

Qy dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 750 xzke ls 1 fdykxzke

I;kt dn~nwdl 100 xzke

vnjd dn~nwdl 100 xzke

yglqu dn~nwdl 35 xzke

ued 35 & 40 xzke

fils elkys dkyh fepZ] 35 xzke

thjh] cM+h byk;ph

yky fepZ 25 xzke Loknkuqlkj

 

,flfVd ,flM ;k 15 & 20 fe-yh-

fljdk 150 & 200 fe-yh-

lkfM;e cSatks,V 1 xzke

fof/k %

xqnk] I;kt] vnjd rFkk yglqu dks vkWap ij vPNh rjg xyus rd idk,aA bl feJ.k esa vo phuh feyk nsa vkSj lsc dh pVuh ds fy, crkbZ xbZ fof/k }kjk pVuh rS;kj djsaA

4- [kqekuh dh LDoSk

lkexzh %

[kqekuh dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 1-800 fdyksxzke

ikuh 1-200 yhVj

lkbZfVd ,flM 25 xzke

iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV 3-0 xzke

fof/k %

Qyksa dk xqnk igys crkbZ xbZ fof/k }kjk rS;kj djsaA ,d crZu esa phuh o ikuh feykdj vkWap ij j[ksa rFkk blesa ,d pEep lkbZfVd ,flM Hkh Mky nsaA ,d mcky vkus ij pkluh dks eyey ds diM+s ls Nku ysaA pkluh dks B.Mk gksus nsa vkSj xqnk feykdj vPNh rjg fgyk,aA FkksM+h lh LDoSk esa iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbV vPNh rjg ?kksysa vkSj iwjh LDoSk esa feyk nsaA jlk;u feykus ds ckn tYnh gh rS;kj LDoSk dks igys ls /kqyh vkSj futZehZd``r khks dh cksryksa esa bruk Hkjsa fd 1-5 & 2-5 lSa- eh- LFkku [kkyh jgsA ckryksa dks <Ddu yxkdj B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

5- [kqekuh dh LDoSk

lkexzh %

[kqekuh dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 1-800 fdyksxzke

ikuh 1-200 yhVj

lkbZfVd ,flM 25 xzke

fof/k %

Qyksa dk xqnk rS;kj djsaA phuh o ikuh lkbZfVd feykdj pkluh cuk,aaA nks & rhu mcky vkus ij pkluh dks dydy ds diM+s ls Nku ysaA xnk pkluh es feyk,a vkSj mcky vkus ds igys ds rkieku rd xeZ djsaA xeZxeZ usDVj dks lkQlqFkjh vkSj futZehZd``r khks dh cksryksa es iwjh rjg Hkj nsa] <Ddu yxk,a vkSj cksryksa dks eyey ds diM+s esa yisVus ds ckn ikuh esa Mkydj 20&25 feuV rd mckysaA cksryksa dks fudkydj ydMh ds QkZ ij j[ksa vkSj B.Mk gksus ij B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

6-                Iye] [kqekuh dh elkysnkj LDoSk % ,fiVkbtj Hkh LDoSk tSlk gh is; inkFkZ gS ysfdu bles elkyksa] vnjd rFkk iqnkhus dk jl vkSj ued dk iz;ksx djs bls {kq/kko/kZd cuk;k tkrk gSA Iye vkSj [kqekuh ls ,d xq.kork okyk ,fiVkbtj rS;kj fd;k tk ldrk gS tksfd Lokfn"V gksus ds lkFklkFk ikpu fdz;k c<+kus es Hkh lgk;d gksrk gSA

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

lkexzh Iye [kqekuh

&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

Qy dk xqnk fdyksxzke 1-000 1-000

phuh fdyksxzke 1-750 1-750

ikuh yhVj 1-000 1-000

lkbZfVd ,flM xzke 15&20 20&25

fils elkys dkyh fepZ] 25 25

thjh] cM+h byk;ph xzke

ued xzke lQsn 25 25

dkyk 15 15

rktk vnjd xzke 250 250

 

lkSaB ikMj xzke 4 4

iqnhuk gjk xzke 100 100

 

lkfM;e cSatks,V xzke 2-25 &&

iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV xzke && 2-5 & 3-0

fof/k %

fils gq, elkyksa esa yxHkx Ms<+ xq.kk ikuh feykdj FkksM+h nsj idk,a vkSj feJ.k dks eyey ds diM+s esa Mkydj jl@lr fudky ysaA blh rjg iqnhus dk jl Hkh fudkysaA phuh ikuh feykdj pkkuh rS;kj djsaA B.Mk gksus ij pkkuh esa xqnk feyk;sa vkSj blesa iqnhus] vnjd dk jl] elkys] ued lkbZfVd ,flM Hkh feyk nsa] pkkuh dks Nku ysaA elkys o ued dh ek=k Loknkuqlkj ?kVkbZ o c<+kbZ tk ldrh gSA rS;kj ,fiVkbtj esa lkfM;e cSaatq,V@iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV feykus ds ckn cksryksa esa Hkj d Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

7-                vkMw+ dk ehBk vkpkj

lkexzh %

vkM+w 2 fdyksxzke

phuh 1 fdyksxzke

I;kt dn~nwdl 100 xzke

yglqu dn~nwdl 15 xzke

ued 100 xzke

dkyh fepZ] 20 xzke

thjk 10 xzke

cM+h byk;ph 10 xzke

 

nkyphuh 5 xzke

ykSax 3 xzke

yky fepZ 10 xzke

 

lkbZfVd ,flM 15 xzke

 

,flfVd ,flM ;k 15 fe-yh-

fljdk 150 fe-yh-

fof/k %

l[r fdUrq ifjiDo Qy NkWaVsa rFkk /kks,aA fNydk fudkyus ds fy, 1 izfrkr dkfLVd lksMk ds mcyrs ?kksy 10 xzke izfr fyVj ikuh ,d feuV rd mckysa rFkk rqjUr gh 0-5 izfrkr lkbZfVd ,flM ds ?kksy 5 xzke izfr yhVj ikuh esa Mkyus ds ckn ikuh esa vPNh rjg /kks ysaA ?kjsyw Lrj ij LVsuySl LVhy ds pkdw ;k ihyj ls fNydk fudkysa rFkk VqdM+ksa esa phuh feykdj crZu dks vkWap ij j[kdj phuh ?kqyus rd idk,a o yxkrkj fgykrs jgsaA lHkh elkyksa] I;kt] yglqu dks FkksM+s ls ikuh esa idk,a vkSj eyey ds diM+s ls Nkudj jl fudkysaA Qyksa ds phuh esa 10&15 feuV idkus ds ckn elkyksa dk jl] lkbZfVd ,flM] ,flfVd ,flM vkSj ued Hkh bl feJ.k esa Mky nsaA ikap feuV rd vkSj idk,a] B.Mk gksus nsaA rS;kj feJ.k dk igys ls /kqys gq, vkSj futZehZd``r tkjksa esa Hkj d Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

8- [kqekuh dk ikiM+

lkexzh %

[kqekuh dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 250 & 300 xzke

iSfDVu 3&4 xzke ;fn miyC/k gks

fof/k %

xqns esa phuh vkSj iSfDVu vPNh rjg fgyk,aA ikiM+ rS;kj djus ds fy, LVsuySl LVhy ;k ,Y;wehfu;e dh Vs dks ?kh ls xzht+ djsaA rS;kj feJ.k dh ,d iryh ijr yxHkx 1 fe-eh- eksVkbZ bl Vs ij fcNk nsa vkSj rst+ /kwi ;k lq[kkus dh ekhu esas lq[kk,aA tc ,d ijr lw[k tk, rc bl ij nwljh ijr fcNk nsa vkSj lq[kk,aA tc ijr dh eksVkbZ yxHkx 0-5 & 0-6 lSa- eh- gks tk, rc bls eu ilan vkdk esa dkVdj ikWyhFkhu khV essa iSd djs vkSj de jkskuh] B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

x vke ls cuk, tkus okys inkFkZ

vke ,d ,slk Qy gS ftldj mi;ksx dPph voLFkk ls ysdj ids Qy rd fofHkUu [kk| inkFkZ cukus esa fd;k tkrk gSA ;g Qy Lokfn"V] ikSf"Vd] lqikP; rFkk kjhj dks kfDr nsus okyk gksrk gSA vke ds Qy esa ikSf"Vdrk] vke dh fdLe] mRiknu {ks= vkSj ifjiDork dh voLFkk ij fuHkZj djrh gSA vke ds Qy esa eq[; rkSj ij kdZjk dkcksZgkbMsVl] izksVhu] vEy] [kfut yo.k vkSj foVkfeu rRo ik, tkrs gSaA blds vfrfjDr blesa jskk vkSj olk Hkh fo|keku gSA bl Qy ls fofHkUu inkFkZ tSls twl] LDoSk] tSe] eqjCck] pVuh] vpkj] rFkk vepwj bR;kfn inkFkZ ?kjsyw Lrj ij cuk, tk ldrs gSA

1- vke dk jl@xqnk % iw.kZ :i ls ids xqn~nsnkj Qy ysa] /kks,a] gkFk ls fiyfiyk d jl <hyk dj LVsuySl LVhy dh Nuuh ij bDdV~Bk djsaA Nuuh ij jxM+ dj xqns dh yqxnh cuk ysaA blls xqns ds jsks Hkh vyx gks tkrs gSaA xqnk Qyksa ds VqdM+ksa dks feDlh esa Mkydj Hkh rS;kj fd;k tk ldrk gSA cM+s iSekus ij iYij dk iz;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA rS;k xqns ls fofHkUu inkFkZ cuk, tk ldrs gSaA

2- vke dh LDoSk

lkexzh %

vke dk xqnk 1-0 fdyksxzke

phuh 1-8 fdyksxzke

ikuh 1-2 yhVj

lkbZfVd ,flM 35 xzke

iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV 3 xzke

fof/k %

vke dh LDoSk cukus ds fy, mijksDr lkexzh dk iz;ksx d [kqekZuh dh LDoSk ds fy, crkbZ xbZ fof/k dk vuqlj.k djsaA

3- vke dk usDVj

lkexzh %

vke dk xqnk 1-0 fdyksxzke

phuh 500 xzke

ikuh 2-5 yhVj

lkbZfVd vEy 4 &5 xzke

fof/k %

vke ds iw.kZ ifjiDo Qyksa dks gkFk ls nck dj Nyuh ij jxM+dj jl rS;kj djsaA phuh] ikuh] vkSj lkbZfVd vEy cukdj pkkuh cuk ysssaA pkkuh dks eyey ds diM+s ls Nku ysa vkS vke dk xqnk blesa fey nsaA bl feJ.k dks vkWap ij j[kd mcyus ds rkieku ls uhps 800 lsfYl;l rd xeZ djs vkSj xeZxeZ gh khks dh futZehZd`r cksryksaa esa Hksa vkSj <Ddu yxk nsaA cksryksa dks eyey ds diM+s esa yisV dj ikuh ls Hkjs crZu esa Mkysa vkSj vkWap Ikj j[ksa rFkk bUgsa 850 lsfYl;l mcyus ds rkieku ls uhps ij 20&25 feuV rd mipkfjr djsaAA bu cksryksa dks B.Ms o ueh jfgr LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsasA

4- vke dk tSe

lkexzh %

vke dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 1 fdyksxzke

lkbZfVd vEy 6 &7 xzke

fof/k %

vke dk xqnk o phuh feykdj lsc ds tSe ds fy, crkbZ xbZ fof/k }kjk tSe rS;kj o ifjjf{kr djsaA

5- vke dh pVuh

lkexzh %

vke dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 500 & 750 xzke

ued 50 xzke

thjk filk gqvk 10 & 15 xzke ;k Loknkuqlkj

 

yky fepZ filh gqbZ 5 & 7 xzke ;k Loknkuqlkj

 

cM+h byk;ph filh gqbZ 5 &10 xzke

 

I;kt dn~nwdl 75 xzke

vnjd dn~nwdl 100 xzke

yglqu dn~nwdl 5 & 10 xzke

,flfVd ,flM ;k 10 & 15 fe-yh-

 

fljdk 50 & 80 fe-yh-

lksfM;k cSatq,V 1 xzke

fof/k %

dqN ifjiDo rFkk dqN ids gq, Qy ysaA pVuh cukus ds fy, xqn~nsnkj Qyksa dk iz;ksx djsaA Qyksa dks dn~nwdl Hkh dj ldrs gSa ;k mcky dj xqnk Hkh iz;ksx esa yk;k tk ldrk gSA vke dh pVuh cukus ds fy, lsc dh pVuh ds fy, crkbZ xbZ fof/k dk vuqlj.k djsaA

6- vke dk vkpkj

lkexzh %

dPps vke dh QkWads 1 fdyksxzke

ued 90 & 100 xzke

yky fepZ filh gqbZ 30 xzke ;k Loknkuqlkj

gYnh 30 xzke

lkSaQ eksVh filh gqbZ 25 xzke

esFkh eksVh filh gqbZ 30 xzke

dykSath lkcqr 30 xkze

ljlksa dk rsy 250 & 300 fe- yh-

ghx 5 xzke

fof/k %

iw.kZ fodflr] dPps vkSj [kV~Vs o eksVs xqn~nsnkj vke dk p;u djsaA Qyksa dks ikuh ls /kksdj yEch QkWadksa esa dkVsaA QkWadksa dks Hkwjk gksus ls cpkus ds fy, buesa izfr fd-xzk- 50 xzke ued feyk,a vkSj QkWadks dks khks ds tkjksa esa HkjsaaA tkj dk eWaqg diM+s ls cka/k nsa vkSj 2 & 3 fnu /kwi esa j[ksaA chpchp esa QkWadksa dks fgykrs jgsaA QkWadksa dks tkj ls fudkysa vkSj lkQ diM+s ij fcNkdj 1 & 2 ?kaVs lq[kk ysaA dM+kgh esa rsy dks /kWaqvka vkus rd xeZ djsa vkSj B.Mk gksus nsaA FkksM+s ls rsy es lkSaQ] dykSath Hkwu ysa vkSj ghax Hkh ckjhd ihldj MkysaA QkWadksa ls fudys jl esa lHkh elkys vPNh rjg feyk nsaA rS;kj vpkj dks tkjksa esa Hkjsa o Hk.Mkfjr djsaA elkyksa dk mi;ksx ihldj ;k lkcqr nksuksa rjg ls fd;k tk ldrk gSA lkcqr elkyksa dks iz;ksx djus ls igys bUgsa gYdk lk Hkwu@xeZ dj ysaA

8-                vke dk ikiM+ % vke ds xqns essa 5 ls 10 izfrkr filh gqbZ phuh 50 ls 100 xzke phuh izfr fd-xzk- xqnk rFkk xqns dks Hkwjk gksus ls cpkus ds fy, 0-5 izfrkr iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV 5 xzke izfr fd-xzk- xqnk feyk,aA LVsuySl LVhy ;k ,Y;wehfu;e dh Vs dks ?kh ls xzht+ djsaA rS;kj feJ.k dks ,d iryh ijr Vs ij fcNk nsa vkSj rst /kwi ;k lq[kkus dh ekhu esa lq[kk,aA tc ,d ijr lw[k tk, rks nwljh ijr fcNk nsa vkSj lq[kk,aA tc ijr dh eksVkbZ 1 ;k 2 lSa- eh- gks tk, rc bls eu ilan vkdkj esa dkVdj ikWyhFkhu khV esa yisVdj B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

 

?k uhacw iztkrh; Qyksa ls cuk, tkus okys inkFkZ

uhacw] ekYVk] larjk] pdksrjk] xyxy rFkk ekSlEeh bR;kfn uhacw iztkrh; Qy gSA gekjs nSfud vkgkj esa uhacw iztkrh; Qyksa dk foks egRo gSA bu Qyksa esa foVkfeu lh] foVkfeu , rFkk foVkfeu ch izpqj ek=k esa ik, tkrs gSaA blds vfrfjDr bu Qyksa esa kdZjk] vEy] dSfYk;e] QkLQksjl rFkk ykSg rRp rFkk {kkjh; yo.k Hkh izpqj ek=k esa gksrs gSaA uhacw iztkrh; Qyksa ls fofHkUu izdkj ds ifjjf{kr inkFkZ cuk, tk ldrs gSaA

1- uhacw dh LDoSk

lkexzh %

uhacw dk jl 1 yhVj

phuh 1-8 fdyksxzke

ikuh 1-2 yhVj

iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbZV 3 xzke

fof/k %

uhacw dh LDoSk cukus ds fy, iw.kZ :i ls ids gq, irys fNyds okys Qy ftlesa jl dh ek=k vf/kd gks ysaA ikuh esa vPNh rjg /kks,a vkSj LVsuySl LVhy ds pkdw ls nks Hkkxksa esa dkVsaA uhacw fupksM+ dh lgk;rk ;k gkFk }kjk nckdj jl fudkysaA jl dM+ok u gks blds fy, irhys esa igys ls FkksM+h lh pkuh Mky nsaA vkSj jl dk gok ds lEidZ esa de ls de le; ds fy, vkus nsaA phuh] ikuh vkSj pEep uhacw jl feykdj pkkuh cukus ds ckn eyey ds diM+s ls Nku ysaA pkkuh B.Mh djus ds ckn jl feyk,aA FkksM+s ls ikuh ;k LDoSk esa iksVkfk;e eSVkckblYQkbV dks vPNh rjg ?kksysa rFkk iwjh LDoSk esa feyk nsaA LDoSk dks cksryksa esa bruk Hkjsa fd blesa 1-5 ls 2-5 lSa- eh- LFkku [kkyh jgsA cksryksa dks <Ddu yxkdj lhycan djs vkSj B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

2- uhacw dk flji

lkexzh %

uhacw dk jl 1 ls 1-5 yhVj

phuh 7 fdyksxzke

ikuh 1-5 ls 2 yhVj

lkbZfVd vEy 10 xzke nks pk; ds pEep

uhacw dk ,lsal 4 pk; okys pEep

[kkus dk jax ihyk 0-2 xzke izfr yhVj

fof/k %

,d crZu esa phuh o ikuh ysdj vkWap ij j[ksa vkSj fgykrs jgsaA mcky vkus ij lkbZfVd vEy feyk nsa rFkk pkkuh dks eyey ds diM+s ls Nku ysaA tc pkkuh dejs ds rkieku rd B.Mh gks tk, rks blesa l rFkk ,lsal feyk nsaA jax igys FkksM+h lh flji esa ?kksydj iwjh flji esa feyk,aA rS;kj flji dks mcyrs ikuh ls /kksus ds ckn lq[kkbZ gqbZ khks dh cksryksa esa Hkjsa vkSj <Ddu yxkdj B.Ms o kq"d LFkku ij Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

3- xyxy dk vpkj

lkexzh %

xyxy 1 fdyksxzke

ued 150 & 180 xzke

dkyh fepZ 25 xzke

yky fepZ 25 xzke

cM+h byk;ph 10 xzke

ykSax 1 xzke

esFkh 10 xzke

lkSaQ 10 xzke

xqM+ ;k phuh 150 xzke

ljlksa dk rsy 300 xzke

fof/k & 1 %

iw.kZ ifjiDo ihys jax ds xyxy NkaVsa] /kks,a rFkk LVsuySl LVhy ds pkdw ls dkV dj FkksM+kFkksM+k jl fupksM+ ysaA bu VqdM+ksa dks NksVs VqdM+ksa bPNkuqlkj esa dkV ysaA VqdMksa esa ued feykdj tkj esa nckdj Hkj nsas rFkk ij ls fupksM+k gqvk jl Mky nsaA bl izfdz;k dks iwjk djus ds fy, de ls de le; yxk,a ugha rks Qy dkVus ds ckn jl dM+ok gks tkrk gSA jl fupksM+rs le; crZu es ;fn FkksM+k lk ued Mky ns ark bls dM+ok gksus ls cpk;k tk ldrk gSA Qy ds VqdM+ksa ls Hkjs tkj dks 4 & 5 fnu rd /kwi esa j[ksaA QkWadksa dks tkj ls fudky ysaA buesa njnjs fils gq, elkys vPNh rjg ls feyk,aA ljlksa ds rsy dks /kWavka NksM+us rd xeZ djsa rFkk B.Mk gksus nsa vkSj QkWadksa dks blesa feyk nsaA rS;kj vpkj dks tkjksa esa nckdj Hkj nsa vkSj ij ls jl Mky nsaA ;g vpkj 20 & 25 fnuksa esa xydj [kkus ds fy, rS;kj gks tkrk gSA

fof/k & 2 %

iw.kZ ifjiDo ihys jax ds xyxy NkaVsa] /kks, vkSj eyey ds diM+s esa cka/kdj iksVyh cuk ysaA iksVyh dks mcyrsa ikuh esa 2 & 3 feuV j[ksa vkSj ckgj fudky dj /kwi esa 5 & 6 ?kaVs lq[kk,aA dM+kgh esa rsy /kqWavka vkus rd xeZ djsa vkSj B.Mk gksus nsaA Qyksa dks VqdM+ksa esa dkVsa vkSj rsy esa eksVs fils gq, elkyksa rFkk vU; lkexzh ds lkFk vPNh rjg feyk,aA vpkj dks khks ds tkjksa esa Hkjdj Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

4- rsy esa uhacw dk vpkj

lkexzh %

uhacw 1 fdyksxzke

ued 120 xzke

dkyh fepZ 15 xzke

yky fepZ 25 xzke

cM+h byk;ph 10 xzke

thjk 15 xzke

lkSaQ 15 xzke

gYnh 10 xzke

vnjd 100 xzke

phuh 100 xzke

ljlksa dk rsy 300 xzke

fof/k %

bl vpkj dks Hkh xyxy ds vpkj ds fy, crkbZ xbZ fof/k;ksa }kjk cuk,aA

5- uhacw dk fcuk rsy dk vpkj

lkexzh %

uhacw 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 250 xzke

ued 150 & 180 xzke dkyk o lQsn ued dk feJ.k

vtokbu 30 xzke

dkyh fepZ 10 xzke eksVh filh gqbZ

fof/k %

iwjh rjg ids gq, uhaow ysa] /kks,a vkSj nks ;k rhu Hkkxksa esa bl izdkj dkVsa fd ,d rjQ ls tqM+s jgsaA ued] phuh vkSj elkyksa dks bDdV~Bk feyk ysaA bl feJ.k dks ,d,d uhacw esa Hkjrs tk,a vkSj tkj esa j[krs tk,aA dqN uhacqvksa dks jl fupksM+ dj tkj esa Mky nsa] <Ddu yxk,a vkSj tkj dks /kwi es j[ksaA ;g vpkj yxHkx 2025 fnuksa esa xydj [kkus ds fy, rS;kj gks tkrk gSA

 

M- vkaoys ls cuk, tkus okys inkFkZ

vkaoys esa foVkfeu lh izpqj ek=k esa ikbZ tkrh gSA vkaoys ls fofHkUu ikSf"Vd ifjj{kh inkFkZ cuk, tkrs gSa tSls pVuh] vpkj] eqjCck] dS.Mh] P;ouizkk bR;kfnA

 

1- vkaoys dk vpkj

vkaoyk 1 fdyksxzke

ued 120150 xzke

gYnh 20 xzke

thjk 15 xzke

ykSax 3 xzke

yky fepZ 10 xzke

ljlksa dk rsy 300 xzke

esFkh 10 xzke

lkSaQ 15 xzke

fof/k %

ids nkx jfgr vkWaoys ysdj /kks,aA eyey ds diM+s Hkjdj iksVyh cuk ysaA crZu esa ikuh Hkj dj mckysa vkSj vkWaoyksa dh iksVyh dks mcyrs ikuh esa 2 ls 3 feuV rd j[ksaA vkWaoykss dks FkksM+h nsj /kwi esa j[ksa rkfd FkksM+k ikuh lw[k tk,A vkWaoyksa esa ued vPNh rjg feyk,a vkSj khks ds tkjksa esa Hkjdj 23 fnu /kwi esa j[ksaA elkyksa dks gYdk lk Hkwudj njnjk ikhl ysaA rsy xeZ djsa rFkk FkksMs+ ls rsy esa vkWaoys o elkys vPNh rjg feykus ds ckn ds tkjksa esa Hkj nsaA ij ls ckfd cpk rsy Hkh Mky nsaA <Ddu yxk,a vkSj Hk.Mkfjr djsaA

2- vkWaoys dk eqjCck

lkexzh %

vkaoys 1 fdyksxzke

ued 1-5 xzke

lkbZfVd vEy 3 xkze

fof/k %

Qyksa dks NaVkbZ o /kksus ds ckn LVsuySl LVhy ds dkaVs ls xksn ysaA budks 2 izfrkr ued ds ?kksy 20 xkze ued izfr yhVj ikuh esa Mqcksa dj 24 ?kaVs ds fy, j[ksaA Qyksa dks 2 izfrkr fQVdjh ds ?kksy 20 xzke fQVdjh izfr yhVj ikuh rFkk 0-5 izfrkr lksfM;e lYQkbV 5 xzke izfr yhVj ikuh esa 5&7 feuV rd mckysaA fQVdjh okys ikuh ls Qyksa dks fudkysa vkSj rqjUr B.Ms ikuh ls /kks,aA mipkfjr Qyksa dks LVsuySl LVhy ds crZu esas phuh dh ijrksa ds chp j[ksa izfr 5 fdykxzke fcuk mipkj fd;s Qyksa ds Hkkj ds fy, 4 fd- xkz- phuh dk iz;ksx djsaA bl voLFkk esa Qyksa dks 24 ?kaVs rd jgus nsaA bl vof/k esa phuh ikuh dks lks[k ysrh gS ftlls pkkuh cu tkrh gSA bl feJ.k dks dqN le; rd mckysa rFkk blesa vkSj phuh feykdj phuh 1 rkj ls T;knk dj ysaA blesa lkbZfVd vEy feykdj yxHkx 10 feuV rd mckysaA bl feJ.k dks fcuk fgyk, vxys 24 ?kaVs rd j[ksaA rhljs fnu pkkuh dks mcky dj 2 rkj dh 800 fczDl cuk ysaA bl inkFkZ dks ,d lIrkg rd jgus nsa vkSj bl rjg eqjCck rS;kj gks tkrk gSA rS;kj eqjCcs dks lkQ tkjksa esa Hkjdj Hk.Mkj.k djsaA

3 vkWaoys dh pVuh

lkexzh %

vkWaoys dk xqnk 1 fdyksxzke

phuh 750 xzke ls 1 fdyksxzke

vnjd ckjhd dVk gqvk ;k 15 xzke

dn~nwdl fd;k gqvk

I;kt ckjhd dVk gqvk ;k 25 xzke

dn~nwdl fd;k gqvk

yglqu ckjhd dVk gqvk ;k 5 xzke

dn~nwdl fd;k gqvk

yky fepZ] dkyh fepZ 3&3 xzke

thjk] cM+h byk;ph] nkyphuh izR;sd 3 xzke

ued 40 xzke

ykSax 1 xzke

fdkfek 25 xzke

Nqvkjk 50 xzke

,fklfVd vEy 10 fe- yh-

lksfM;e cSatk,V 1 xzke

fof/k %

iw.kZ fodflr vkWaoys ysdj /kks,aA buesa yxHkx 500 fe-yh- ikuh feykdj 10 feuV rd idk,aA xqByh vyx djds Nyuh ls jxM+dj xqqnk izkIr djsaA xqns esa phuh] vnjd] I;kt vkSj yglqu feykdj idk,aA chp esa fgykrs jgsaA tc feJ.k xk<+k gksus yxs rks blesa elkys Hkh feyk nsaA tc feJ.k xk<+k gksus yxs rks blesa elkys] fdkfek] Nqvkjs] ued vkSj yky fepZ Hkh feyk nsssaaaaA ;g ns[kus ds fy, fd pVuh rS;kj gS ;k ughaa vke dh pVuh ds fy, crk;k x;k VSLV djsaA tc pVuh rS;kj le>sa rks bles ,flfVd vEy feyk nsaA pVuh dks xeZxeZ gh igys ls [kqys gq, ;k lq[kk, gq, tkjksa esa Hkj nsssaA B.Mk gksus ij ekse fi?kyk dj pVuh ds ij ijr yxk, rkfd tkj lhy gks tk,A blds ckn <Ddu yxk nsaA vkWaoys dk jl fudkyus ds ckn tks Hkkx cp tkrk gS mldk iz;ksx Hkh pVuh cukus ds fy, fd;k tk ldrk gSA

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